The Difference Between Bits & Bytes Explained

Can’t tell the difference between bits and bytes? Continue reading to find out the difference and figure out what broadband speed you require.

Connection speeds and data sizes are not measured in the same way. But, people tend to call them both ‘megs’. The problem here is that the word ‘meg’ actually refers to two very different values: megabits and megabytes. And, these don’t mean the same thing.

How Bits & Bytes Relate To Broadband Speeds

Are you wondering how this relates to you and your broadband speed?

Usually, data sizes are measured in ‘bytes’, and broadband speeds are measured in ‘bits’. Depending on the file size and speed of your connection, you can estimate how long it’ll take you to download a file.


The Difference Between Bits and Bytes

Let’s assume that you find a file on the internet space that is 17 megabytes (MB) in size, and want to download it with your 17 megabits per second (Mbps) broadband connection. It won’t take one second. Rather, it will take eight times one second because a megabyte is eight times bigger than a megabit. Hence, in theory, and with perfect speed, it should take eight seconds to complete this download.

What Is The Difference Between Bits and Bytes?

The first difference between bits and bytes we’ll share with you is that they are not written the same way. A byte is written with an uppercase ‘B’ while a bit is a lowercase ‘b’.

Thus, if it says MB, all capitals, then it is a megabyte. While, If it says Mb, then it is a megabit.


However, there is one exception to this. And, it is the symbol for kilobit, which is ‘kb’, all lowercase.

With common sense, it’s easy to figure this out. An uppercase ‘B’ is physically larger than a lowercase ‘b’, and a byte is larger than a bit.

Another difference between bits and bytes we’ll share with you is that bytes are much bigger, eight times bigger, to be exact. Thus, there are eight bits in every byte. Hence, by extension, there are eight megabits in every megabyte, and one gigabyte is eight times bigger than one gigabit.

Other File Sizes You Should Know About

Although there are many different file sizes, a lot of us only need to know a little bit (no pun intended) of prefixes. Here are the most common ones:

  • KB – A kilobyte (KB) is 1,024 bytes.
  • MB – A megabyte (MB) is 1,024 kilobytes.
  • GB – A gigabyte (GB) is 1,024 megabytes.
  • TB – A terabyte (TB) is 1,024 gigabytes.
  • kb – A kilobit (kb) is 1,024 bits.
  • Mb – A megabit (Mb) is 1,024 kilobits.
  • Gb – A gigabit (Gb) is 1,024 megabits.
  • Tb – A terabit (Tb) is 1,024 gigabits.

Recall, that there are eight bits in a byte. Thus, to convert from one to the other, you can multiply or divide by eight. For example, if you want to transfer 38MB with a 38 Mbps connection, it will take you eight seconds.

Facebook, Telcos Build Subsea Cable to Connect Africa to the World

Facebook and a team of African and global telecommunication majors have struck a deal to build one of the world’s largest subsea cable to connect Africa. This boosts internet availability across three continents, they said in a joint statement held recently.

South Africa’s MTN GlobalConnect and Mauritius-based infrastructure provider WIOCC are partners in this project, alongside the China Mobile International, French telecoms major Orange SA, Saudi Arabia’s STC, Telecom Egypt, and Vodafone.


The project, called 2Africa, aims to build 37,000 kilometers (22990.734 miles) of subsea cable infrastructure which will directly connect countries around the African coast to Europe and the Middle East. This was said by the 2Africa website.

The network will have a design capacity able to carry up to 150 terabytes per second (Tbps) on key parts of the system. The 11 new cables rolled out between 2009 and 2016 in sub-Saharan Africa provided around 70 Tbps of design capacity said 2Africa.

The Subsea Cable to connect Africa infrastructure provider Alcatel Submarine Networks will build the project, which is expected to be operational by 2023/24, the joint statement said. The companies, however, did not reveal how much money they had set aside to invest.

“2Africa… will interconnect Europe, the Middle East, and 21 landings in 16 countries in Africa,” the partners said in the joint statement.

Read on 2Africa here

Subsea cables form the backbone of the internet, carrying 99% of the world’s data traffic.

Africa’s big economies have a large and fast-growing population of internet users, with growth in internet use fuelled by rapidly expanding mobile broadband networks and ever more affordable phones.

However, with a population of 1.3 billion, Africa is still a laggard in internet connectivity, with average internet penetration at around 39% against a world average of 59%.

On completion the subsea network will deliver more than the total combined capacity of all subsea cables serving Africa today, the firms said in the statement.

“Improving connectivity for Africa is a significant step which lays the groundwork for increased digitalization across the continent,” said Vodacom International Business Chief Officer Diego Gutierrez.

Vodacom, which is majority-owned by Britain’s Vodafone, is South Africa’s second-biggest telecom player.

You can watch the news here:

The subsea cable to connect Africa and some other parts of the world does Africa and the internet service here a lot of good.

Subsea cable to connect Africa!

This is good news.

Here at Spacematrix, we anticipate such things, and make certain we can gain access to them just to serve you better.

Imagine bringing you internet speed at only 1TBPS, that’s amazingly crazy! Right?

Remember to reach us for your internet services; setup, maintenance, or for a change of ISP.

What Slows Your WiFi Down – 5 Things

Do you really know what slows your WiFi down? For sure, your WiFi tends to be slow in some rooms and really fast in some others. There are certain things that slow it down as well as some things that you can do to boost your WiFi signal strength.

You may be enjoying a perfectly strong WiFi signal, and by just making a move in one direction makes your signal strength drop one bar.

The seemingly unreliable nature of WiFi networks has everything to do with some facts. There are many factors that influence the performance and can be what slows your WiFi.

What slows your WiFi down – Physical distance

For obvious and security reasons, WiFi routers don’t have a similar transmitting power as cell towers. Less expensive routers may even battle to cover a relatively little apartment with a strong WiFi signal — not to mention a whole house.

You can decide the range of your WiFi switch utilizing a WiFi analyzer application.

What slows your WiFi down – Obstructions

WiFi signs can be somewhat assimilated or even totally hindered by different impediments and items, including dividers, ventilation work, furniture, home machines, and even individuals.

These WiFi blockers have a particularly negative impact on 5 GHz WiFi networks because higher frequency signals don’t penetrate solid objects nearly as well as lower frequency signals.

What slows your WiFi down – Interference

WiFi signals possess the same radio frequency band of the electromagnetic range genuine radios, PDAs, microwaves, walkie talkies, infant screens, and numerous different gadgets, all of which can meddle with WiFi signals.

Obviously, WiFi systems can likewise meddle with each other, an issue that is particularly common in high rises and other thickly populated territories.

What slows your WiFi down – Router capacity

Much the same as certain PCs can scarcely deal with casual web perusing and some can render complex 3D objects, not all routers are similarly powerful.

You can’t sensibly expect a low-end router to give dependable internet access to the web of a bustling office with in excess of twelve employees and a few fax machines, WiFi-connected printers, and remote surveillance cameras.

What slows your WiFi down – Bandwidth hoggers

In some cases, the issue isn’t with the quality of your WiFi signal but with the capacity of your internet connection. Video chatting or streaming on multiple devices can bring even a strong WiFi network to slow down.

For the best experience, it’s critical to manage data hoggers and keep them from taking transfer speed or bandwidth from every other person.

Knowing that these things can slow down the signal strength of your WiFi, it is important that you contact professionals to install your WiFi with the best types of equipment.

At Spacematrix, you’ll get professionals to do just that for you.

Also, you can read 10 Ways To Boost Your WiFi to get some self-help.


10 Ways To Boost Your WiFi Speed

Does your WiFi act up sometimes, and get on your nerves? There are certain things you could do to boost your WiFi signal strength to serve you better.

Here are a few things to do to boost your WiFi:

1. Ways to Boost Your WiFi – Well-positioned Router

The position where your router is placed greatly affects your WiFi strength. Try not to place your router close to metal objects and appliances that emit electromagnetic waves. This is because metal is the top disrupter of a WiFi signal.

Other materials affect your WiFi strength as well, not as much as metal.

All household appliances emit electromagnetic waves to some degree, even fluorescent lightbulbs. Most of the biggest emitters of electromagnetic waves tend to be found in the kitchen, such as the stoves, microwave ovens, and dishwashers.

Ensure you keep your WiFi router as far away from them. This is one of the ways to boost your WiFi strength.


Ideally, you should place your WiFi router roughly in the center. You can slightly boost your wireless signal by elevating the router above the floor level.

WiFi signals radiate outward in all directions. Placing your router on the floor limits it’s ability to emit strong signals. Ensuring that your router is centrally placed in the building to boost your WiFi strength.

2. Keep Your Router Updated

If you follow the news, you’ve heard about the growing number of large-scale malware attacks that are costing businesses and individuals alike billions every year. Many of these attacks wouldn’t be possible if all routers were kept updated. Once malware infects a router, it can steal bandwidth and spread itself across the network to other devices.

But even without the presence of dangerous malware, routers with old firmware perform worse than routers that are properly updated.

3. Get a Stronger Antenna

Most WiFi routers come with small, weak antennas. It’s not that manufacturers want to save every cent they can, but powerful WiFi antennas tend to be hideously large. Compared to the antenna that came with your router, which probably is just a few inches tall and has around 4 dB gain, a 10-dB antenna can be anywhere between 10 to 15 inches tall.

But if you don’t mind the size, a new, powerful WiFi antenna is a great way how you can boost WiFi at home or office without buying a new router.

There are several different types of WiFi antennas, but the only type you need to care about is the common “rubber duck” antenna, which is an electrically short monopole antenna that consists of a springy wire in the shape of a narrow helix, sealed in a rubber or plastic jacket to protect the antenna.

Such antennas use the same RP-SMA connector, and there are many different models available on Amazon and other online stores. Some even come with a handy extension cable that allows you to place the antenna farther away from your router to achieve optimal signal distribution.


To boost your WiFi signal, you need to purchase an antenna with more gain than your current one. The gain of an antenna system relative to an isotropic radiator at radio frequencies is expressed in dBi, or decibels relative to isotropic. Most home routers come with small antennas, whose gain tends to be between 4–5 dBi. Replacing such antenna with a 9 dBi antenna should provide an excellent signal boost.

4. Cut Off WiFi Leeches

An encrypted, password-protected WiFi is a must in this day and age. With more people than ever relying on WiFi, the hunger for open, fast WiFi networks is real. Don’t think that your neighbors won’t use your WiFi network just because they have their own — they will.


If you have lots of guests, create a separate guest network and either significantly limit its range or protect it with a different password and change the password on a regular basis.

5. Get a WiFi Repeater/ Booster/ Extender

Even though they are referred to by many names, WiFi boosters, repeaters, and extenders are basically the same thing.

WiFi repeaters are relatively simple devices that take an existing signal from your WiFi router and rebroadcast it as a new network. This new network is just an extension of your main network, and all data that go through it also go through the main network.

WiFi boosters and extenders are very similar, but they also amplify the existing signal before rebroadcasting it to create a second network. Because WiFi boosters typically have greater range than WiFi repeaters, they make sense in situations where the original signal is very weak.


To achieve the best performance when using a WiFi repeater or booster, it’s a good idea to use a WiFi booster app to analyze existing WiFi coverage and determine the optimal way how to extend the existing WiFi network.

6. Control Bandwidth-Hungry Clients and Applications

It takes just one bandwidth-hungry application or a client to make download and upload speeds come to a crawl for everyone else on the same WiFi network. Luckily, modern routers support services like QoS (Quality of Service), which allow users to prioritize certain applications over others. With QoS, your online gaming session won’t ever be interrupted again by a person watching a 1440p video on YouTube or downloading a huge Linux distribution from the Internet.

7. Switch to a Different WiFi Channel

Just like lanes on the highway, there are multiple WiFi channels on which a WiFi router can broadcast. Even though most countries have six non-overlapping channels (1, 6, 11, and 14), many users leave their router set on the default channel, which is usually either Channel 1 or Channel 6.

This results in a WiFi traffic jam as too many packets are trying to drive on the same line. The solution is simple: find out which channel is occupied the least and switch to it. This can be done with the help of NetSpot, a professional and easy-to-use WiFi analysis and surveillance tool.

8. Upgrade Your WiFi Technologies

The newest wireless technology, IEEE 802.11ac, offers superior download and upload speeds as well as improved range compared to older WiFi technologies, such as IEEE 802.11b, g, and others. To take advantage of the latest WiFi technologies to boost home WiFi, you need to make sure that both your home router and your WiFi-enabled devices, such as smartphones and laptops, support them.


When selecting a new WiFi router with support for IEEE 802.11ac, don’t pick the most affordable model you can find. Unless your budget is very strict, it’s always worth spending extra to purchase a router with excellent range and modern features such as MU-MIMO, Quality of Service, guest networks, gigabit Ethernet ports, and replaceable external antennas.

9. Ways to Boost Your WiFi: Switch to 5 GHz

The 5 GHz wireless frequency provides faster data rates at shorter distances and is typically much less busy than the 2.4 GHz wireless frequency. If your router supports it, consider switching to it for an instant short-range speed boost.

10. Ways to Boost Your WiFi: Reboot

This advice is as old as technology: If it doesn’t work, try switching it on and off. This advice also applies to WiFi routers. A simple reboot is often enough to boost your WiFi speeds.

A reboot clears the router’s memory and makes it possible for updates to install.

There you have it, you have seen the ways, and things to do to boost your WiFi signal strength. Here at Spacematrix Solutions Int’l Ltd., we have trained technicians and experts that ensure that your WiFi is functioning as it should.

If there’s a need to service, troubleshoot, or set up WiFi connections for your homes, businesses or schools, contact us… We’ll be glad to be of help and service.

5 Reasons Why You Need Reliable Broadband

Here’s the thing, you need reliable broadband but you’re probably taking it lightly. You need to know why you need reliable broadband and ensure you have a reliable one or get a reliable one.
When we say ‘slow internet’ we are very sure that at one point or another, we’ve all experienced the pain of slow internet. Remember how frustrated you felt when it took forever to download just one file?

Those days are long gone. Really, are they?

With the kind of high-speed internet readily available these days, one would think that the need for speed has been sated.

However, there are still daily occurrences of how slow internet makes us mad. It makes us wonder why people still stay with internet providers who can’t satisfy their need for speed.

Sometimes, understanding the reason behind an action helps us make better decisions. Let’s take a look at why you need internet broadband that’s faster than the speed of light, and more so, reliable.

Why You Need Reliable Broadband

There are a couple of reasons why you need reliable broadband, and these are some reasons why you need reliable broadband:

1. Why you need Reliable Broadband – Relaxation

Do you have to subscribe to streaming services like Netflix, Spotify, Hulu, and other similar platforms? That shouldn’t be a herculean task, well, that is if you have reliable broadband. Do you see why you need reliable broadband?



If you do not have high-speed broadband at home, don’t expect your movies or TV series to run smoothly. This also means you should be prepared to rip your hair out of your scalp in frustration. To add to that, we all love to watch full HD video qualities, even 4K quality videos now, it’s vital that high-speed broadband is present at home, with obvious reasons.

Can you see why you need reliable broadband?

2. Why you need Reliable Broadband – Superfast Upload Speed

A lot of the time, we place too much emphasis on the download speed of an internet provider forgetting that internet speed is more than that. We need to consider the upload speeds as well, which refers to how fast your computer sends information to the web.

With so many features of the Internet these days such as file-sharing, video conferencing (Zoom), and live-streaming, it’s very vital that your upload speed is up to par. You’d want to send in that presentation on time and try not to get that pesky question “Can you hear me now?” when you call your distant relatives, clients, or business partners.

Another necessary factor to consider is latency, which affects Internet speed. This phenomenon happens because there will be delays that happen because of the nature of the network, and how much traffic the nature of the network can move. The higher the latency, the higher the lag, and the slower the Internet. To avoid that from happening, we advise you to opt for high-speed broadband.

3. High-Speed Broadband is now Affordable

So many of us are guilty of withholding ourselves back from enjoying good things (like super-fast broadband) because we fear that it would come at an extravagant price. What if we told you that your fear is now inconsequential and that high-speed broadband is now super affordable?

Simply contact us.

4. Why you need Reliable Broadband – Unshakable Reliability

Have you ever thought why sometimes your Internet gets very slow, then after a few minutes it resumes its normal speed? Maybe it’s about time you went 100% fiber. Fiber optics Internet can transmit speeds with little to no hitches. This makes it the most reliable option when you’re doing anything with the Internet, from business meetings online, Live-streaming, to watching your favorite series.

5. More Bandwidth for everyone

Today, home WiFi is set to carry our laptops, mobile phones, WiFi speakers, smart TVs, CCTVs, and smart homes. Most of the time, individuals in a household or at work own at least 2 devices that make use of WiFi.


That translates to mean there are multiple devices connected to the internet. With that high number of devices, it would be abysmal to run everything smoothly having average internet speed. Having fast broadband would ensure that your household, school, company or office will have a seamless internet experience.

Why You Need Reliable Broadband From Spacematrix

Do you find it confusing when it comes to choosing an ISP (Internet Service Provider) that provides affordable high-speed Internet? Consider Spacematrix Solutions International Ltd.! We’ll be sure to get you connected with quality and affordable broadband.

Do you have other reasons why we should get high-speed Internet for our household, business, or school? Be sure to share them with us in the comments below!

Read also: What slows down your Wifi speed.

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